COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cost savings of performing paracentesis procedures at the bedside after simulation-based education

Jeffrey H Barsuk, Elaine R Cohen, Joe Feinglass, Sarah E Kozmic, William C McGaghie, Daniel Ganger, Diane B Wayne
Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare 2014, 9 (5): 312-8
25275720

INTRODUCTION: Paracentesis procedures are increasingly performed in interventional radiology (IR) rather than at the bedside, and there are few comparative effectiveness data on safety or cost. There is also no consensus about the need for blood product transfusions before the procedure. In a previous study, we reported that the selection of procedure location was largely discretionary and that bedside procedures had equal or better outcomes than IR procedures. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate direct hospital costs of IR paracentesis procedures compared with procedures performed at the bedside by simulation-trained clinicians.

METHODS: We performed an observational study of paracentesis procedures on a hepatology/liver transplant floor at a tertiary care hospital from July 2008 to December 2011. We modeled hospital costs for IR facility use and transfused blood products and calculated the cost of simulation training to compare costs between IR and bedside procedures.

RESULTS: Five hundred eighty-eight patients underwent 764 paracentesis procedures (331 in IR and 433 at bedside). Fifty-one patients (15.4%) with IR procedures received platelet transfusions versus 16 patients (3.7%) with bedside procedures (P < 0.001). Forty-nine patients (14.8%) with IR procedures received fresh frozen plasma transfusions versus 24 patients (5.5%) with bedside procedures (P < 0.001). There were no clinical differences in platelet counts or coagulopathy between groups. In random-effects logistic regression, IR procedures had significantly higher likelihood of platelet (odds ratio, 6.36; 95% confidence interval, 3.28-12.35) and fresh frozen plasma (odds ratio, 3.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.95-5.95) transfusions. Total costs were $663.42 per case for IR and $134.01 per case for bedside procedures.

CONCLUSIONS: Training residents to perform bedside paracentesis procedures was highly cost-effective. This approach should be considered as part of national efforts to reduce hospital costs while providing quality care.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25275720
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"