Simple organ failure count versus CANONIC grading system for predicting mortality in acute-on-chronic liver failure

Swastik Agrawal, Ajay Duseja, Tarana Gupta, Radha K Dhiman, Yogesh Chawla
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2015, 30 (3): 575-81

BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study assessed the utility of a simple organ failure count (SOFC) in predicting the in-hospital mortality in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) compared with Chronic Liver Failure Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure in Cirrhosis (CANONIC) ACLF grading system.

METHODS: Consecutive patients of ACLF were included prospectively from 2012 to 2013. The diagnosis was based on Asian-Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) criteria except for the inclusion of non-hepatic insults as acute events. Organ failures were defined as per the Chronic Liver Failure-Sequential Organ Failure Assessment system. SOFC was calculated as the simple number of organ failures from 0 to 6. In-hospital mortality was recorded.

RESULTS: Majority (92[87%]) of the 106 patients included were males, had alcohol (76[72%]) as the etiology of cirrhosis, and alcoholic hepatitis (58[55%]) as the acute precipitating event. Overall, 51(48%) patients died in-hospital. In-hospital mortality in patients with SOFC of 0 (n = 9), 1 (n = 39), 2 (n = 24), 3 (n = 24), 4 (n = 7), and 5 (n = 3) was 0%, 26%, 58%, 71%, 100%, and 100% respectively (P < 0.001), whereas it was 10%, 30%, 58%, and 79% in patients with no-ACLF (n = 21), grades 1 (n = 27), 2 (n = 24), and 3 ACLF (n = 34) respectively (P < 0.001). Patients with no-ACLF (n = 21) had higher mortality than SOFC 0 as they included 9 patients with SOFC 0 (0% mortality) and 12 patients with SOFC 1 (17% mortality). Mortality was similar between 12 no-ACLF and 27 grade 1 ACLF patients (P = 0.462) that comprised SOFC 1.

CONCLUSION: SOFC is a simpler and better method than the CANONIC grading system for predicting the in-hospital mortality in patients with ACLF defined as per APASL criteria.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"