Hospital length-of-stay is associated with rhinovirus etiology of bronchiolitis

Tuomas Jartti, Matilda Aakula, Jonathan M Mansbach, Pedro A Piedra, Eija Bergroth, Petri Koponen, Juho E Kivistö, Ashley F Sullivan, Janice A Espinola, Sami Remes, Matti Korppi, Carlos A Camargo
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2014, 33 (8): 829-34

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hospital length-of-stay (LOS) for bronchiolitis is influenced by the causative virus: respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) or rhinovirus.

METHODS: This prospective study was carried out in 3 university hospitals in Finland during 2 consecutive winter seasons. We enrolled consecutive children <2 years of age hospitalized with an attending physician's diagnosis of bronchiolitis. All enrolled children were included in the primary analysis. A parallel analysis was also conducted using a stricter definition for bronchiolitis (age <12 months and no history of wheeze). Polymerase chain reaction was used to test the nasopharyngeal aspirate samples for multiple respiratory pathogens.

RESULTS: The median age of the 408 children was 8 months, 73% had no history of wheeze and their median hospital LOS was 2 days. 144 (35%) children had RSV only and 92 (23%) children rhinovirus only infections. Children with rhinovirus only had shorter duration of prehospital symptoms, higher disease severity score at entry and more often a history of wheezing (all P ≤ 0.001). Controlling for 7 demographic and clinical characteristics, those with rhinovirus only had shorter hospital LOS when compared with children with RSV only (adjusted odds ratio: 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.22-0.92; P = 0.03). The rhinovirus only finding was similar in the subset of 206 children with stricter diagnosis (adjusted odds ratio: 0.30; 0.06-1.49; P = 0.14).

CONCLUSIONS: Hospital LOS is associated with rhinovirus etiology of bronchiolitis. Our data call attention to the importance of both RSV and rhinovirus testing in clinical research.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"