Three-year hemodynamic performance, left ventricular mass regression, and prosthetic-patient mismatch after rapid deployment aortic valve replacement in 287 patients

Axel Haverich, Thorsten C Wahlers, Michael A Borger, Malakh Shrestha, Alfred A Kocher, Thomas Walther, Matthias Roth, Martin Misfeld, Friedrich W Mohr, Joerg Kempfert, Pascal M Dohmen, Christoph Schmitz, Parwis Rahmanian, Dominik Wiedemann, Francis G Duhay, Günther Laufer
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2014, 148 (6): 2854-60

OBJECTIVE: Superior aortic valve hemodynamic performance can accelerate left ventricular mass regression and enhance survival and functional status after surgical aortic valve replacement. This can be achieved by rapid deployment aortic valve replacement using a subannular balloon-expandable stent frame, which functionally widens and reshapes the left ventricular outflow tract, to ensure a larger effective orifice area compared with conventional surgical valves. We report the intermediate-term follow-up data from a large series of patients enrolled in the Surgical Treatment of Aortic Stenosis With a Next Generation Surgical Aortic Valve (TRITON) trial.

METHODS: In a prospective, multicenter (6 European hospitals), single-arm study, 287 patients with aortic stenosis underwent rapid deployment aortic valve replacement using a stented trileaflet bovine pericardial bioprosthesis. Core laboratory echocardiography was performed at baseline, discharge, and 3 months, 1 year, and 3 years after rapid deployment aortic valve replacement.

RESULTS: The mean patient age was 75.7 ± 6.7 years (range, 45-93; 49.1% women). The mean aortic valve gradient significantly decreased from discharge to 3 years of follow-up. The mean effective orifice area remained stable from discharge to 3 years. At 1 year, the left ventricular mass index had decreased by 14% (P < .0001) and at 3 years by 16% (P < .0001) compared with at discharge. The prevalence of severe patient-prosthesis mismatch was 3% at discharge and remained stable during the follow-up period.

CONCLUSIONS: In a large series of elderly patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, rapid deployment aortic valve replacement using a subannular balloon-expandable stent frame demonstrated excellent hemodynamic performance and significant left ventricular mass regression. With continued follow-up, future studies will establish whether these favorable structural changes correlate with improvement in long-term survival and functional status.

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