JOURNAL ARTICLE

Middle Pliocene hominin mandibular fourth premolars from Woranso-Mille (Central Afar, Ethiopia)

Yohannes Haile-Selassie, Stephanie M Melillo
Journal of Human Evolution 2015, 78: 44-59
25200889
The Woranso-Mille study area has thus far yielded more than 120 early hominin fossil specimens dated to between 3.4 and 3.8 million years ago. Previous studies indicate that dentognathic fossil remains from the study area show a mosaic of features shared by both Australopithecus anamensis and Australopithecus afarensis. Here, we describe 12 isolated mandibular fourth premolars recovered from the Woranso-Mille study area and compare them with those of other early hominins using both traditional comparative methods and geometric morphometric methods. The results indicate that the Woranso-Mille sample is most similar to Au. afarensis among hominins. However, some specimens show distinctive features of crown shape, namely an extremely bulging distolingual corner associated with a relatively large talonid and a mesiodistally elongated crown. This unique morphology is accompanied by a root form that is different from those identified previously. The existence of distinctive P4 morphology is intriguing given the presence of more than one hominin species at Woranso-Mille, although support for taxonomic heterogeneity in this sample is equivocal. Further, the taxonomic significance of these features is unclear, as they fail to distinguish Pan from Gorilla and known hominin species from one another.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25200889
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"