Impaired responsiveness to the platelet P2Y12 receptor antagonist clopidogrel in patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease

Dominick J Angiolillo, Joseph A Jakubowski, José Luis Ferreiro, Antonio Tello-Montoliu, Fabiana Rollini, Francesco Franchi, Masafumi Ueno, Andrew Darlington, Bhaloo Desai, Brian A Moser, Atsuhiro Sugidachi, Luis A Guzman, Theodore A Bass
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2014 September 9, 64 (10): 1005-14

BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) exhibit an impaired response to clopidogrel. This may contribute to their increased risk of recurrent atherothrombotic events, despite the use of dual-antiplatelet therapy. The mechanisms for impaired clopidogrel response in DM patients have not been fully elucidated.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the mechanisms for impaired clopidogrel-mediated platelet inhibition in patients with DM using a comprehensive methodological approach embracing both pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) assessments as well as ex vivo and in vitro investigations.

METHODS: Patients (DM, n = 30; non-DM, n = 30) with stable coronary artery disease taking aspirin 81 mg/day and P2Y12 antagonist naive were enrolled. Blood was collected before and at various times (0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 24 h) after a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel. PD assessments included vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein, light transmission aggregometry, and VerifyNow P2Y12 ex vivo, before and after dosing and following in vitro incubation with escalating concentrations (1, 3, and 10 μM) of clopidogrel's active metabolite (Clop-AM). Exposure to Clop-AM was also determined.

RESULTS: PD assessments consistently showed that during the overall 24-h study time course, residual platelet reactivity was higher in DM patients compared with non-DM patients. In vitro incubation with Clop-AM revealed altered functional status of the P2Y12 signaling pathway in DM platelets as measured by vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein, but not with other PD assays. Clop-AM exposure was ∼40% lower in DM patients than in non-DM patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that among DM patients, impaired P2Y12 inhibition mediated by clopidogrel is largely attributable to attenuation of clopidogrel's PK profile. This is characterized by lower plasma levels of Clop-AM over the sampling time course in DM patients compared with non-DM patients and only modestly attributed to altered functional status of the P2Y12 signaling pathway.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"