JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dual reporter MESP1 mCherry/w-NKX2-5 eGFP/w hESCs enable studying early human cardiac differentiation

Sabine C Den Hartogh, Chantal Schreurs, Jantine J Monshouwer-Kloots, Richard P Davis, David A Elliott, Christine L Mummery, Robert Passier
Stem Cells 2015, 33 (1): 56-67
25187301
Understanding early differentiation events leading to cardiogenesis is crucial for controlling fate of human pluripotent stem cells and developing protocols that yield sufficient cell numbers for use in regenerative medicine and drug screening. Here, we develop a new tool to visualize patterning of early cardiac mesoderm and cardiomyocyte development in vitro by generating a dual MESP1(mCherry/w)-NKX2-5(eGFP/w) reporter line in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and using it to examine signals that lead to formation of cardiac progenitors and subsequent differentiation. MESP1 is a pivotal transcription factor for precardiac mesoderm in the embryo, from which the majority of cardiovascular cells arise. Transcription factor NKX2-5 is expressed upon cardiac crescent formation. Induction of cardiac differentiation in this reporter line resulted in transient expression of MESP1-mCherry, followed by continuous expression of NKX2-5-eGFP. MESP1-mCherry cells showed increased expression of mesodermal and epithelial-mesenchymal-transition markers confirming their mesodermal identity. Whole-genome microarray profiling and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis of MESP1-mCherry cells showed enrichment for mesodermal progenitor cell surface markers PDGFR-α, CD13, and ROR-2. No enrichment was found for the previously described KDR+PDGFR-α+ progenitors. MESP1-mCherry derivatives contained an enriched percentage of NKX2-5-eGFP and Troponin T expressing cells, indicating preferential cardiac differentiation; this was enhanced by inhibition of the Wnt-pathway. Furthermore, MESP1-mCherry derivatives harbored smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells, demonstrating their cardiac and vascular differentiation potential under appropriate conditions. The MESP1-NKX2-5 hESC reporter line allows us to identify molecular cues crucial for specification and expansion of human cardiac mesoderm and early progenitors and their differentiation to specific cardiovascular derivatives.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25187301
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"