JOURNAL ARTICLE

The essential role of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 in simvastatin-induced activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and angiogenesis

K-H Su, S-J Lin, J Wei, K-I Lee, J-F Zhao, S-K Shyue, T-S Lee
Acta Physiologica 2014, 212 (3): 191-204
25183024

AIMS: We investigated the role of transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor type 1 (TRPV1) in simvastatin-mediated activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and angiogenesis.

METHODS: Fluo-8 NW assay was for Ca(2+) detection; Griess's assay was for NO bioavailability; Western blotting and immunoprecipitation were for protein phosphorylation and interaction; tube formation and Matrigel plug assay were for angiogenesis.

RESULTS: In endothelial cells (ECs), treatment with simvastatin time-dependently increased intracellular level of Ca(2+). Pharmacological inhibition or genetic disruption of TRPV1 abrogated simvastatin-mediated elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) in ECs or TRPV1-transfected HEK293 cells. Loss of TRPV1 function abolished simvastatin-induced NO production and phosphorylation of eNOS and calmodulin protein kinase II (CaMKII) in ECs and in aortas of mice. Inhibition of TRPV1 activation prevented the simvastatin-elicited increase in the formation of TRPV1-Akt-CaMKII-AMPK-eNOS complex. In mice, Matrigel plug assay showed that simvastatin-evoked angiogenesis was abolished by TRPV1 antagonist and genetic ablation of TRPV1. Additionally, our results demonstrated that TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is the downstream effector in the simvastatin-activated TRPV1-Ca(2+) signalling and in the consequent NO production and angiogenesis as evidence by that re-expression of TRPA1 further augmented simvastatin-elicited Ca(2+) influx in TRPV1-expressed HEK293 cells and ablation of TRPA1 function profoundly inhibited the simvastatin-induced increase in the phosphorylation of eNOS and CaMKII, formation of TRPV1-Akt-CaMKII-AMPK-eNOS complex, NO bioavailability, tube formation and angiogenesis in ECs or mice.

CONCLUSION: Simvastatin-induced Ca(2+) influx may through the activation of TRPV1-TRPA1 signalling, which leads to phosphorylation of CaMKII, increases in the formation of TRPV1-CaMKII-AMPK-eNOS complex, eNOS activation, NO production and, ultimately, angiogenesis in ECs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25183024
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"