Treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage associated with new oral anticoagulant use: the neurologist's view

Roland Veltkamp, Solveig Horstmann
Clinics in Laboratory Medicine 2014, 34 (3): 587-94
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) associated with the use of oral anticoagulants (OAC-ICH) results in particularly severe strokes. A key target for the treatment of OAC-ICH is rapid restoration of effective coagulation. In patients receiving vitamin K antagonists, hemostatic factors such as prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC), fresh frozen plasma, and recombinant activated factor VII, in addition to vitamin K, can be used for anticoagulation reversal. However, emergency management of ICH during treatment with the new direct OACs (NOACs) is a major challenge. In the absence of specific antidotes, PCCs are recommended for NOAC reversal, mainly based on preclinical data.

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