Effect of lens status in the surgical success of 23-gauge primary vitrectomy for the management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: the Pan American Collaborative Retina Study (PACORES) group results

Rafael R Caiado, Octaviano Magalhães, Emmerson Badaró, Andre Maia, Eduardo A Novais, Francisco Rosa Stefanini, Rodrigo Milan Navarro, J Fernando Arevalo, Lihteh Wu, Nilva Moraes, Michel Eid Farah, Maurício Maia
Retina 2015, 35 (2): 326-33

PURPOSE: To determine the effects of lens status on the success rate of primary pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment using either perfluoropropane gas (C3F8) or silicone oil (SO) tamponade.

METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis was made of 97 eyes from 92 patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with no proliferative vitreoretinopathy that were treated with primary 23-gauge PPV. Eyes included in this were phakic (n = 28), pseudophakic (n = 41), or phakic eyes subject to simultaneous phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation, and PPV during primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair (n = 28). Tamponade at the end of PPV was with either C3F8 (n = 65) or SO (n = 32). Success was defined as retinal reattachment at 1 year follow-up after a single procedure in eyes submitted to C3F8 injection; in eyes treated with SO injection, the success rate was defined as retina reattached 1 year after oil removal. Statistical comparisons were made between groups using chi-square, Fisher's exact test, Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney, and multivariate analysis. All eyes were operated by 2 experienced retina surgeons and had a minimum follow-up of 12 months.

RESULTS: The vitreoretinal redetachment rate in eyes subjected to C3F8 tamponade was significantly higher (28.6%) for phakic eyes (P = 0.011) compared with pseudophakic or phakic eyes that underwent to phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation (4.5%). Eyes in which SO was used at the end of the surgical procedure demonstrated a similar trend of higher reoperation rates in phakic eyes (28.6%) compared with pseudophakic or phakic eyes (8%) subjected to phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation; however, no statistically significant difference was observed (P = 0.201). No statistically significant differences were found between groups in relation to the number of tears (P = 0.863) and their location (inferior: P = 0.189, superior: P = 0.708, nasal: P = 0.756, and temporal: P = 0.08).

CONCLUSION: The success rates of primary 23-gauge PPV with either C3F8 or SO tamponade in pseudophakic eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment was higher than the same procedure performed in phakic eyes. Still, the retrospective and limited data presented is too preliminary to suggest or recommend that practitioners perform simultaneous combined cataract surgery with retinal detachment and requires further studies in a larger and prospective design to confirm these present findings.

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