Proximity of premolar roots to maxillary sinus: a radiographic survey using cone-beam computed tomography

Thomas von Arx, Ivo Fodich, Michael M Bornstein
Journal of Endodontics 2014, 40 (10): 1541-8

INTRODUCTION: The proximity of the roots of the posterior maxillary teeth to the maxillary sinus is a constant challenge to the dental practitioner. Because the majority of studies have assessed the relationship regarding molars, the present study focused on premolars.

METHODS: Cone-beam computed tomographic images of 192 patients were reconstructed in sagittal, coronal, and axial planes to quantify the distances between the root apices of the maxillary premolars and the adjacent maxillary sinus. Measurements were taken for each root, and data were correlated with age, sex, side, and presence of both or absence of 1 of the 2 premolars.

RESULTS: A total of 296 teeth (177 first and 119 second premolars) were evaluated. The mean distances from buccal roots of the first premolars to the border of the maxillary sinus in the sagittal, coronal, and axial planes ranged from 5.15 ± 2.99 to 8.28 ± 6.27 mm. From palatal roots, the mean distances ranged from 4.20 ± 3.69 to 7.17 ± 6.14 mm. The mean distances of second premolars were markedly shorter in buccal roots between 2.32 ± 2.19 and 3.28 ± 3.17 mm and in palatal roots between 2.68 ± 3.58 and 3.80 ± 3.71 mm, respectively. The frequency of a premolar root protrusion into the maxillary sinus was very low in first premolars (0%-7.2%) but higher in second premolars (2.5%-13.6%). Sex, age, side, and presence/absence of premolars failed to significantly influence the mean distances between premolar roots and the maxillary sinus.

CONCLUSIONS: Based on the calculated mean distances of the present study, only few premolars (and if so second premolars) would present a risk of violating the border of the maxillary sinus during conventional or surgical endodontic treatment or in case of tooth extraction.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"