Evaluation of outcome of corrective ulnar osteotomy with bone grafting and annular ligament reconstruction in neglected monteggia fracture dislocation in children

Tanmay Datta, Nd Chatterjee, Ananda Kisor Pal, Sunil Kumar Das
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR 2014, 8 (6): LC01-4

INTRODUCTION: Neglected Monteggia fracture dislocation in the paediatric age group constitutes significant disability in respect to pain, stiffness, deformity, neurological compromise and restriction of activities of daily living.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal prospective study was done on 21 children with old Monteggia fracture-dislocation which included 18 cases of Bado type I and 3 cases of Bado type III at the department of orthopaedics, IPGME&R,SSKM hospital, Kolkata, India between 2007 and 2012. All were treated by modified Hirayama corrective osteotomy of ulna with wedge bone grafting along with restoration of its length and reconstruction of annular ligament using Bell Tawse method and fixation of radial head with transcapitellar Kirschner wire. Average follow up period was 5.5 years.

RESULTS AND ANALYSIS: Results were evaluated on the basis of 100 point Mayo Elbow Performance Index, radiology and questionnaire. The mean postoperative increase in Mayo Elbow Performance Index score was 30 with average increase in the range of movement by 30o. In three cases, there was subluxation of radial head and in addition one had transient palsy of posterior interosseous nerve. Three cases showed distortion of the radial head which were insignificant functionally. Results of improvement in mean MEPI were analysed by chi-square test and was significant at 0 .01 level of significance.

CONCLUSION: Study showed good results with modified Hirayama osteotomy with annular ligament reconstruction using Bell Tawse procedure which is a more biological option for restoration of elbow biomechanics.

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