JOURNAL ARTICLE

An in vivo model for the study of ovarian cancer and the persistence of characteristic mutations in xenografts

Y Li, Y J Gu, C N Liu, T F Yue
European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology 2014, 35 (4): 387-92
25118479

OBJECTIVE: To identify factors affecting xenograft growth of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells in nude mice and to detect characteristic mutations occurring in the xenografts following serial passage.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 human EOCs were subcutaneously inoculated in Balb/c nude mice in order to obtain a series of xenografts. Whole-exome sequencing was analyzed with Agilent SureSelect targeted enrichment capture system and Illumina Solexa Hiseq 2000 sequencing platform. Mutations were confirmed by comparison against the reference genome build 37.3.

RESULTS: The tumor take rate was 50% (32/64). TP53 mutation was detected in nine often Type II tumors. BRAF and CTNNB1 were not mutated in any of the samples, and PTEN mutation occurred in only one sample. The present data indicate that advanced stage serous EOCs and early stage non-serous EOCs were easy to grow in nude mice, and xenografts maintained the characteristic mutations.

CONCLUSIONS: Advanced stage serous EOCs and early stage non-serous EOCs were easy to grow in nude mice, and xenografts maintained the characteristic mutations. Xenografts in nude mice are useful in vivo models for the study of human EOCs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25118479
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"