Different implication of elevated B-type natriuretic peptide level in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and in those with reduced ejection fraction

Takako Ishigaki, Takashi Yoshida, Hiromi Izumi, Yoshihisa Fujisawa, Shoko Shimizu, Kasumi Masuda, Toshihiko Asanuma, Hidetoshi Okabe, Satoshi Nakatani
Echocardiography 2015, 32 (4): 623-9

BACKGROUND: There have been no reports that show significant direct relationship between echocardiographic parameters and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level. This could be due to the heterogeneous pathophysiology of heart failure and a lack of appropriate echocardiographic parameters. We sought to determine the best echocardiographic parameter that described elevated BNP level in patients with heart failure with and without systolic dysfunction.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 111 consecutive heart failure patients. They were divided into patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF, n = 61) and that with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFREF, n = 50). Conventional and new echocardiographic parameters including myocardial strains were measured. BNP did not reflect any single echocardiographic parameter in patients with heart failure in total. The ratio of early diastolic transmitral flow velocity and mitral annular velocity had strong positive correlation with BNP level in the HFPEF group but not in the HFREF group. In the group of HFREF, global longitudinal and circumferential strains were positively correlated. Multivariate analysis revealed that predicted factors for BNP value in HFPEF and in HFREF were different.

CONCLUSION: High BNP level may indicate high filling pressure when ejection fraction is preserved and may indicate myocardial dysfunction when it is reduced.

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