Medication beliefs mediate between depressive symptoms and medication adherence in cystic fibrosis

Marisa E Hilliard, Michelle N Eakin, Belinda Borrelli, Angela Green, Kristin A Riekert
Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association 2015, 34 (5): 496-504

OBJECTIVE: Depression is a known barrier to regimen adherence for chronic conditions. Despite elevated depression rates and complex regimens for people with cystic fibrosis (CF), little is known about associations between depressive symptoms and CF adherence. One possibility is that depressive symptoms distort beliefs about medications, which may influence adherence.

METHOD: Adolescents and adults (N = 128; mean age = 29 ± 11 years, range = 16-63, 93% Caucasian) with CF reported on depressive symptoms and medication beliefs (self-efficacy, motivation, perceived importance, and outcome expectancies related to taking medications). Medication adherence was assessed objectively through pharmacy refill data. Cross-sectional structural equation models evaluated medication beliefs as a mediator between depressive symptoms and medication adherence.

RESULTS: Twenty-three percent of participants exceeded clinical cutoffs for depressive symptoms. Participants took less than half of prescribed pulmonary medications (mean adherence rate = 44.4 ± 26.7%). Depressive symptoms were correlated with adherence (r = -.22, p < .05), and medication beliefs (b = -0.13, 95% CI [-0.24, -0.03]) significantly mediated this relation. Higher depressive symptoms were associated with less positive medication beliefs (b = -0.27, p < .01), which were associated with lower medication adherence (b = 0.49, p < .01).

CONCLUSIONS: Depressive symptoms are related to beliefs about and adherence to CF medications. Monitoring depressive symptoms and medication beliefs in routine CF care may help identify risks for nonadherence and facilitate interventions to reduce depression, adaptive medication beliefs, and ultimately improve adherence and CF management. (PsycINFO Database Record

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"