COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Quantitative Assessment of Right Ventricular Volumes and Ejection Fraction in Patients with Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction by Real Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiography versus Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Jiwon Kim, Scott B Cohen, Michael K Atalay, Andrew D Maslow, Athena Poppas
Echocardiography 2015, 32 (5): 805-12
25109323

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of real time three-dimensional echocardiographic (RT3DE) for the determination of right ventricular (RV) volumes and function in patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Dedicated RT3DE was prospectively performed to assess RV volumes and EF in patients with LV systolic function identified on routine clinical cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. RV end-diastolic volume (RV EDV), RV end-systolic volume (RV ESV), and RV EF were obtained using an offline analysis software (TomTec) by two observers blinded to CMR results. In this population of 27 patients with LV systolic dysfunction with a mean LV EF of 36 ± 12%, RV RT3DE dataset could be assessed in 27 of 30 patients (90%). High correlation was noted between RT3DE and CMR for RV EDV, ESV, and EF (r = 0.90, 0.89, and 0.77, respectively). RV EDV was lower by RT3DE as compared to CMR (129 ± 52 vs. 142 ± 53 mL, P = 0.005) while there was no significant difference in RV ESV and RV EF (71 ± 37 vs. 77 ± 45 mL, P = 0.146; 45 ± 11 vs. 48 ± 13%, P = 0.134, respectively). The intraclass correlation coefficient ranged from 0.94 to 0.94 between measurements and from 0.84 to 0.96 between observers.

CONCLUSION: Overall, RV volumes and EF assessed by RT3DE correlate well with CMR measurements in patients with LV dysfunction. RT3DE may be used as a more widely available and versatile alternative to CMR for the quantitative assessment of RV size and function in patients with LV dysfunction.

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