Oesophageal Doppler and calibrated pulse contour analysis are not interchangeable within a goal-directed haemodynamic algorithm in major gynaecological surgery

A Feldheiser, O Hunsicker, H Krebbel, K Weimann, L Kaufner, K-D Wernecke, C Spies
British Journal of Anaesthesia 2014, 113 (5): 822-31

BACKGROUND: Evidence for the benefit of an intraoperative use of a goal-directed haemodynamic management has grown. We compared the oesophageal Doppler monitor (ODM, CardioQ-ODM™) with a calibrated pulse contour analysis (PCA, PiCCO2™) with regard to assessment of stroke volume (SV) changes after volume administration within a goal-directed haemodynamic algorithm during non-cardiac surgery.

METHODS: The data were obtained prospectively in patients with metastatic ovarian carcinoma undergoing cytoreductive surgery. During surgery, fluid challenges were performed as indicated by the goal-directed haemodynamic algorithm guided by the ODM. Monitors were compared regarding precision and trending. Clinical characteristics associated with trending were studied by extended regression analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 762 fluid challenges were performed in 41 patients resulting in 1524 paired measurements. The precision of ODM and PCA was 5.7% and 6.0% (P=0.80), respectively. Polar plot analysis revealed a poor trending between ODM and PCA with an angular bias of -7.1°, radial limits of agreement of -58.1° to 43.8°, and an angular concordance rate of 67.8%. Dose of norepinephrine (NE) (scaled 0.1 µg kg(-1) min(-1)) [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.606 (95% confidence interval, CI: 0.404-0.910); P=0.016] and changes in mean arterial pressure (MAP) to a fluid challenge (scaled 10%) [adjusted OR 0.733 (95% CI: 0.635-0.845); P<0.001] were associated with trending between ODM and PCA, whereas there was no relation to type of i.v. solution.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite a similar precision, ODM and PCA were not interchangeable with regard to measuring SV changes within a goal-directed haemodynamic algorithm. A decrease in interchangeability coincided with increasing NE levels and greater changes of MAP to a fluid challenge.

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