[Inhibitory effect of anti-platelet prostaglandin on liver metastasis of hamster pancreatic cancer]

S Kato, M Kobari, S Matsuno, T Sato
Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi 1989, 90 (5): 745-52
Coagulation system and platelets play an important role in the stage of lodgement of tumor cells. We examined abilities of human and hamster pancreatic cancer cell lines to aggregate platelets in vitro, and investigated the effect of prostaglandin E1, I2, on artificial liver metastases of pancreatic cancer in Syrian golden hamster. Platelet aggregating activities were found in five out of six human pancreatic cancer cell line and thromboplastin likes activity in five cell lines. Diisopropanolnitrosamine induced hamster pancreatic cancer cells (HPK-1) were able to aggregate platelets both in vitro and in vivo and these activities were inhibited by prostaglandin I2. Hamster was inoculated intraportally with 1 X 10(6) HPK-1 cells. After two weeks autopsy of these hamsters revealed multiple metastatic nodules on liver surface. In this model we administered prostaglandin E1, I2 into the portal vein five minutes before cell inoculation. Number of liver surface nodules were significantly decreased to 33.1 + 7.0, 11.0 + 9.6 in hamster given 100g PGE1 PGI2 before cell inoculation, compared with control group of hamsters (62.0 + 6.6 PH9.3, 66.1 + 13.9 PH7.4). But administration of prostaglandin after cell injection was not effective. In all cases none of extrahepatic metastases were noted. Inhibitory action of PGE1 PGI2 on liver metastasis is suspected to be related to inhibition of platelet aggregation.

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