JOURNAL ARTICLE

Erlotinib derivative inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma by targeting CIP2A to reactivate protein phosphatase 2A

H-C Yu, M-H Hung, Y-L Chen, P-Y Chu, C-Y Wang, T-T Chao, C-Y Liu, C-W Shiau, K-F Chen
Cell Death & Disease 2014, 5: e1359
25077545
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a tumor suppressor, which is functionally defective in various cancers. Previously, we found that PP2A activity determined the anticancer effect of bortezomib and erlotinib in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Here, we tested a novel erlotinib derivative, TD52, in four HCC cell lines, PLC5, Huh-7, Hep3B and Sk-Hep1. Using MTT and flow cytometry, we showed that TD52 had more potent apoptotic effects than erlotinib in HCC cells. TD52-induced apoptosis was associated with dose- and time- dependent reactivation of PP2A and downregulation of cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) and p-Akt. Inhibition of PP2A or ectopic expression of CIP2A or Akt in PLC5 cells abolished the effects of TD52. Furthermore, we demonstrated that TD52 affected the binding of Elk-1 to the proximal promoter of the CIP2A gene, thus downregulating transcription of CIP2A. Importantly, TD52-induced tumor inhibition was associated with reactivation of PP2A and downregulation of CIP2A and p-Akt in vivo. In conclusion, we found that enhancement of PP2A activity by inhibition of CIP2A determines the apoptotic effect induced by TD52. Our findings disclose the therapeutic mechanism of this novel targeted agent, and suggest the therapeutic potential and feasibility of developing PP2A enhancers as a novel anticancer strategy.

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