High frequency of DQB1*05 and absolute absence of DRB1*13 in muscle-specific tyrosine kinase positive myasthenia gravis

A V Nikolic, Z P Andric, R B Simonovic, V M Rakocevic Stojanovic, I Z Basta, S D Bojic, D V Lavrnic
European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies 2015, 22 (1): 59-63

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease but certain genetic factors predispose its development. Since susceptibility to different forms of MG is linked to a number of allelic variants, the aim of this study was to explore the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) profile of our patients with muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK) MG.

METHODS: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing was performed in our cohort of 31 MuSK MG patients available for the study. The allele groups of DRB1* and DQB1* loci were typed with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes and high resolution typing for DQB1* was performed using sequence-specific primers. HLA frequencies were compared with unrelated healthy bone marrow donors.

RESULTS: Significant association of MuSK MG with alleles DRB1*14 [odds ratio (OR) 3.8], DRB1*16 (OR 3.3) (P < 0.01) and DQB1*05 (OR 2.2) (P < 0.05) was found. In our patients the most frequent DQB1* allele was DQB1*05:02. An absolute absence of DRB1*13 in our cohort of MuSK MG patients was also found, whilst this allele was present in 25% (495/1992) of control subjects (OR 0) (P < 0.01). The HLA DRB1*16-DQB1*05 (OR 2.9) haplotype was found to be associated with MuSK MG (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The strong association of MuSK MG with DQB1*05 alleles observed in patient series from other countries was confirmed. The novel finding in our cohort of MuSK MG patients was the absolute absence of DRB1*13 allele, which might have a protective role in the development of MuSK MG, at least in our population.

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