A new rhodamine-based fluorescent chemodosimeter for mercuric ions in water media

Phan Tu Quy, Nguyen Khoa Hien, Nguyen Chi Bao, Doan Thanh Nhan, Dang Van Khanh, Nguyen Thi Ai Nhung, Truong Quy Tung, Nguyen Dinh Luyen, Duong Tuan Quang
Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence 2015, 30 (3): 325-9
A new rhodamine-ethylenediamine-nitrothiourea conjugate (RT) was synthesized and its sensing property as a fluorescent chemodosimeter toward metal ions was explored in water media. Analytical results from absorption and fluorescence spectra revealed that the addition of Hg(2+) ions to the aqueous solution of the chemodosimeter RT caused a distinct fluorescence OFF-ON response with a remarkable visual color change from colorless to pink; however, no clear spectral and color changes were observed from other metal ions including: Zn(2+) , Cu(2+) , Cd(2+) , Pb(2+) , Ag(+) , Fe(2+) , Cr(3+) , Co(3+) , Ni(2+) , Ca(2+) , Mg(2+) , K(+) and Na(+) . The sensing results and the molecular structure suggested that a Hg(2+) -induced a desulfurization reaction and cyclic guanylation of the thiourea moiety followed by ring-opening of the rhodamine spirolactam in RT are responsible for a distinct fluorescence turn-on signal, indicating that RT is a remarkably sensitive and selective chemodosimeter for Hg(2+) ions in aqueous solution. Hg(2+) within a concentration range from 0.1 to 25 μM can be determined using RT as a chemodosimeter and a detection limit of 0.04 μM is achieved.

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