Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy: report of seven additional sicilian patients and overview of the overall series from sicily

Mariella Valenzise, Alessandra Fierabracci, Marco Cappa, Paolo Porcelli, Roberto Barcellona, Filippo De Luca, Susi Barollo, Silvia Garelli, Corrado Betterle
Hormone Research in Pædiatrics 2014, 82 (2): 127-32

BACKGROUND: Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) is a rare recessive inherited disease caused by the mutation of the AIRE gene on chromosome 21. To date, 8 Sicilian patients have been described and the R203X AIRE mutation was found to be the most common in this region.

AIMS: (1) To describe 7 additional Sicilian APECED patients and to review all 15 Sicilian APECED patients who have been investigated by our group in the last years, and (2) to report a novel AIRE gene mutation.

RESULTS: Among the 3 cardinal features of APECED, hypoparathyroidism has been already detected in all 15 patients, whereas Addison's disease and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis have so far been found in 10/15 and 12/15 cases, respectively. In 2 consanguineous cases, AIRE gene analysis revealed a novel mutation, named IVS13+2T, in homozygosis. R203X was the most common mutation in this region (30% of alleles and 46.6% of patients), followed by R257X (20% of alleles and 40% of patients).

CONCLUSIONS: Sicilian APECED patients are confirmed to have some peculiar characteristics from a clinical and genetic point of view. No correlations between genotype and phenotype were identified.

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