Metal-substituted zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-108: gas-sorption and membrane-separation properties

Yujie Ban, Yanshuo Li, Yuan Peng, Hua Jin, Wenmei Jiao, Xinlei Liu, Weishen Yang
Chemistry: a European Journal 2014 September 1, 20 (36): 11402-9
A series of dual-metal zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) crystals with SOD and RHO topologies was synthesised by metal substitution from ZIF-108 (Zn(2-nitroimidazolate)2 , SOD topology) as the parent material. This was based on the concept that metal substitution of ZIF-108 requires a much lower activation energy than homogenous nucleation owing to the metastability of ZIF-108. In-depth investigations of the formation processes of the daughter ZIFs indicated that the transformation of ZIF-108 is a dissolution/heterogeneous nucleation process. Typical isostructural Co(2+) substitution mainly occurs at the outer surface of ZIF-108 and results in a core-shell structure. On the contrary, the Cu(2+) -substituted ZIF has a RHO topology with a homogeneous distribution of Cu(2+) ions in the structure. Substitution with Ni(2+) resulted in a remarkable enhancement in adsorption selectivity toward CO(2) over N(2) by a factor of up to 227. With Co(2+) -substituted nanoparticles as inorganic filler, a mixed matrix membrane based on polysulfone displayed greatly improved performance in the separation of H(2)/CH(4), CO(2)/N(2) and CO(2)/CH(4).

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