Short- and long-term outcome in elderly patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a cohort study

David Grimaldi, Florence Dumas, Marie-Cécile Perier, Julien Charpentier, Olivier Varenne, Benjamin Zuber, Benoit Vivien, Frédéric Pène, Jean-Paul Mira, Jean-Philippe Empana, Alain Cariou
Critical Care Medicine 2014, 42 (11): 2350-7

OBJECTIVE: Determinants of outcome and long-term survival are unknown in elderly patients successfully resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Our aim was to identify factors associated with short- and long-term neurologic outcome in such patients.

DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

SETTING: Tertiary hospital in Paris, France.

PATIENTS: Patients aged over 75 admitted in our ICU after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest between 2000 and 2009.


MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-five patients were included in the study. Fifty-seven patients (25.3%) had a good neurologic outcome at ICU discharge (Cerebral Performance Category 1-2). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, factors associated with good short-term outcome were time from collapse to cardiopulmonary resuscitation less than or equal to 3 minutes (odds ratio = 4.06; 95% CI, 1.49-11.09, p = 0.006) and blood lactate level less than or equal to 5.1 mmol/L (odds ratio = 3.30; 95% CI, 1.05-10.39, p = 0.04), but age less than or equal to 79.5 years and use of induced hypothermia were not. Long-term survivors were assessed for cognitive and functional status (using Cerebral Performance Category and Overall Performance Category scales), and their survival was compared with a large community-based cohort of participants over 75 years. The 1-year survival of ICU survivors (mean follow-up, 28.4 mo) was 69.3% (95% CI, 55.8-79.5) as compared with 95.3% (95% CI, 93.3-97.3) in the control community-based cohort (p< 0.001), resulting in a standardized mortality ratio of 3.49 (95% CI, 2.42-4.85). By multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, factors associated with long-term survival were initial shockable rhythm (hazard ratio = 1.41; 95% CI, 1.01-1.96; p = 0.04), epinephrine cumulate dose less than or equal to 3 mg (hazard ratio = 1.48; 95% CI, 1.06-2.08; p = 0.02), and blood lactate level less than or equal to 5.1 mmol/L (hazard ratio = 2.11; 95% CI, 1.5-2.96; p < 0.001). When available at end of follow-up, 91% and 74% of the patients were classified Cerebral Performance Category 1 and Overall Performance Category 1, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Neurologic outcome in successfully resuscitated elderly patients depends on cardiac arrest characteristics rather than age. Short-term survival is 25% with acceptable long-term outcome among survivors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"