Infused autograft lymphocyte to monocyte ratio and survival in diffuse large B cell lymphoma

Luis F Porrata, David J Inwards, Stephen M Ansell, Ivana N Micallef, Patrick B Johnston, William J Hogan, Svetomir N Markovic
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 2014, 20 (11): 1804-12
Infused autograft absolute lymphocyte count is a prognostic factor for survival after autologous peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APHSCT) for diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). CD14(+) HLA-DR(low/neg) immunosuppressive monocytes affect tumor growth by suppressing host antitumor immunity. Thus, we set out to investigate if the infused autograft lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (A-LMR), as a biomarker of host immunity (ie, lymphocytes) and immunosuppression (ie, monocytes), affects survival after APHSCT. From 1994 to 2012, 379 DLBCL patients who underwent APHSCT were studied. The 379 patients were randomly divided into a training set (n = 253) and a validation set (n = 126). Receiver operating characteristic and area under the curve identified an A-LMR ≥1 as the best cut-off value, which was validated by the k-fold cross-validation in the training set. Multivariate analysis showed A-LMR to be an independent prognostic factor for survival in the training set. Patients with an A-LMR ≥ 1.0 experienced superior overall survival (OS) compared with patients with an A-LMR <1.0 (median OS: 167.2 versus 17.6 months; 5-year OS: 73% [95% confidence interval (CI), 63% to 80%] versus 30% [95% CI, 2% to 38%], P < .0001, respectively) in the training set. In the validation set, an A-LMR ≥ 1 showed a median OS of 181.2 months versus 19.5 months for an A-LMR <1, and 5-year OS rates of 67% (95% CI, 52% to 79%) versus 35% (95% CI, 25% to 47%), P < .0001, respectively. The A-LMR provides a platform to engineer immunocompetent autograft to improve clinical outcomes in DLBCL patients undergoing APHSCT.

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