OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

11C-methionine PET/CT imaging of 99mTc-MIBI-SPECT/CT-negative patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and previous neck surgery

Tatjana Traub-Weidinger, Marius E Mayerhoefer, Oskar Koperek, Markus Mitterhauser, Heying Duan, Georgios Karanikas, Bruno Niederle, Martha Hoffmann
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 2014, 99 (11): 4199-205
25029418

CONTEXT: (99m)Tc-Methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI) scintigraphy is a standard preoperative localization imaging modality in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Its accuracy in localizing a hyperactive parathyroid gland after previous cervical surgery is limited. Recently, (11)C-methionine has been introduced as a promising radiotracer for pHPT imaging. Yet, few data exist for this technique in patients with persisting or recurrent pHPT before reoperation.

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the ability of (11)C-methionine positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to localize a parathyroid disorder after cervical surgery and negative postsurgical (99m)Tc-MIBI single-photon emission CT (SPECT)/CT.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen patients (6 males, 9 females; age range, 36-85 years) with pHPT and negative (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT/CT who had undergone earlier neck surgery because of pHPT and/or thyroid disorder were recruited. Twelve of the 15 patients had thyroidectomy for goiter or differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Ten patients had previous parathyroid surgery for pHPT, and 2 patients had a history of parathyroid carcinoma. Thirteen of 15 patients showed elevated levels of intact PTH at the time of PET/CT imaging, whereas all patients had elevated serum calcium values.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Pathological results of contrast-enhanced (11)C-methionine PET/CT and surgical results were evaluated.

RESULTS: In 6 of 15 patients (11)C-methionine PET/CT showed a hypermetabolic focus in the upper mediastinum in 2 patients, in the thoracic outlet in 1 patient, and in the cervical region in 3 patients. In 9 of the 15 patients, no hyperactive parathyroid gland could be visualized. Reoperation was performed in 5 of 6 patients without surgical complications. One patient refused surgery. In 2 of the 5 patients, a transsternal procedure was performed. Correlating with the (11)C-methionine PET/CT results, a single parathyroid adenoma was found in 4 patients and parathyroid carcinoma metastasis in 1 patient.

CONCLUSION: (11)C-Methionine PET/CT is a useful complementary imaging technique to localize parathyroid adenoma or carcinoma in (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT/CT-negative patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25029418
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"