JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anti-inflammation effects of naloxone involve phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta and gamma

Tao-Yeuan Wang, Nuan-Yen Su, Ping-Cheng Shih, Pei-Shan Tsai, Chun-Jen Huang
Journal of Surgical Research 2014, 192 (2): 599-606
25016442

BACKGROUND: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) delta and gamma (the p110δ and p110γ isoforms of PI3K) actively participate in the process of inflammation. We sought to elucidate the possible roles of PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ in mediating the anti-inflammation effects of naloxone.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Murine macrophages were treated with endotoxin, endotoxin plus naloxone, or endotoxin plus naloxone plus the PI3K inhibitors (the PI3Kδ inhibitor IC87114, the PI3Kγ inhibitor AS252424, or IC87114 plus AS252424) and denoted as the LPS, LPS + N, LPS + N + IC, LPS + N + AS, and LPS + N + IC + AS group, respectively. Differences in inflammatory molecules and levels of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and Akt activation (indicator of PI3K activity) among these groups were compared.

RESULTS: The concentrations of inflammatory molecules (macrophage inflammatory protein 2, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and cyclooxygenase-2/prostaglandin E2) and the levels of NF-κB activation (p-NF-κB p65 and p-inhibitor-κB concentrations and NF-κB-DNA binding activity) of the LPS + N group were significantly lower than those of the LPS group (all P < 0.001). These data confirmed the anti-inflammation effects of naloxone. Moreover, the anti-inflammation effects of naloxone could be counteracted by the inhibitors of PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ, as the concentrations of inflammatory molecules and the levels of NF-κB activation of the LPS + N group were significantly lower than those of the LPS + N + IC, LPS + N + AS, and LPS + N + IC + AS groups (all P < 0.05). In contrast, the concentration of phosphorylated Akt of the LPS + N group was significantly higher than those of the LPS, LPS + N + IC, LPS + N + AS, and LPS + N + IC + AS groups (all P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ play crucial roles in mediating the anti-inflammation effects of naloxone.

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