Orbitocranial complications of acute sinusitis in children

Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Bhaskar Saikia, Rachna Sharma
Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014, 47 (3): 282-5

BACKGROUND: Orbitocranial complications (OCCs) of sinusitis are uncommon but potentially life threatening. OCCs carry high morbidity, mortality, and significant long-term sequelae. Late recognition leads to even worse outcomes.

OBJECTIVE: To present four case reports showing that aggressive management of complications of sinusitis-like OCC decreases long-term sequelae and mortality in pediatric patients.

CASE REPORTS: Four pediatric patients diagnosed with OCC were treated at our institution from April 2012 to March 2013. Three were boys and one was a girl; ages ranged from 4-14 years. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography were the most useful imaging modalities. All patients received broad-spectrum antibiotics. Additional interventions consisted of endoscopic sinus surgery, subdural empyema drainage, and orbital decompression.

CONCLUSION: The difficult complications of acute sinusitis in the pediatric age group should be anticipated, recognized early, and aggressively managed to prevent morbidity and a fatal outcome.

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