Ileal j pouch complications and surgical solutions: a review

Jingjing Sherman, Adrian J Greenstein, Alexander J Greenstein
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 2014, 20 (9): 1678-85
Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is currently accepted as the standard method to restore continence after total proctocolectomy for medically refractory ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis. Ileal pouches offer improved quality of life and high patient satisfaction; however, there are many pouch-related complications due to the original disease process and change in anatomy. This is a review article of the common and some rare surgical complications after J pouches, which can be subdivided into the septic and nonseptic categories. Septic-related complications include anastomotic leak, abscess, and fistulas, whereas common nonseptic-related complications include small bowel obstruction, strictures, Crohn's disease, pouchitis, and cuffitis. Rare nonseptic complications to be discussed are prolapse, volvulus, and neoplasia.

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