JOURNAL ARTICLE

Can multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging predict upgrading of transrectal ultrasound biopsy results at more definitive histology?

Mohamed Abd-Alazeez, Hashim U Ahmed, Manit Arya, Clare Allen, Nikolaos Dikaios, Alex Freeman, Mark Emberton, Alex Kirkham
Urologic Oncology 2014, 32 (6): 741-7
24981993

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) has a role in reducing the uncertainty in risk stratification by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy, using histology at transperineal template-guided prostate mapping (TPM) biopsy as the reference test.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 194 patients underwent TRUS biopsy, who were followed up in less than 18 months by means of (a) mp-MRI with pelvic phased array using T2-weighted, diffusion-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced sequences and (b) TPM biopsy. Of those patients, low risk on TRUS biopsy was defined in 4 different ways--(a) definition 1: Gleason 3+3 (any cancer core length) (n = 137), (b) definition 2: maximum cancer core length (MCCL)<50% (any Gleason score) (n = 62), (c) definition 3: Gleason 3+3 and MCCL<50% (n = 52), and (d) definition 4: Gleason 3+3, MCCL<50%, prostate-specific antigen level<10 ng/ml, and<50% positive cores (n = 28). Mp-MRI was scored for the likelihood of cancer from 1 (cancer very unlikely) to 5 (cancer very likely). Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between MRI scores and TPM histology.

RESULTS: Median prostate-specific antigen level was 7 ng/ml (range: 0.9-29), median time between TRUS biopsy and mp-MRI was 120 days (range: 41-480), and median time between mp-MRI and TPM biopsy was 60 days (range: 1-420). A median of 48 cores (range: 20-118) were taken at TPM biopsy. Gleason score was upgraded in 62 of 137 (45%) patients at TPM biopsy. The negative predictive values of mp-MRI score 1 to 2 for predicting that cancer remained low risk (according to each definition) were 75%, 100%, 83%, and 100% for definitions 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. An mp-MRI score of 4 to 5 had positive predictive values for upgrade or upsize of 59%, 67%, 75%, and 69% for definitions 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively.

CONCLUSION: The presence of an mp-MRI lesion in men with low-risk prostate cancer on TRUS biopsy confers, in most patients, a high likelihood that higher-risk disease will be present (either Gleason pattern 4 or a significant cancer burden). Conversely, if a lesion is not seen on mp-MRI, the attribution of low-risk grade or cancer burden is much more likely to be correct. Mp-MRI might therefore be used to triage men for resampling biopsies before entering active surveillance.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24981993
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"