Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

A comparison of ultrasonographic and electrophysiologic 'inching' in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow.

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to clarify the relationship between structural ulnar nerve changes and electrophysiological nerve dysfunction in patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE).

METHODS: High-resolution ultrasonography of the ulnar nerve was performed on 17 limbs with clinically and electrophysiologically confirmed UNE, and 52 control subjects at four standardised sites proximal and distal to the medial epicondyle (P2, P1, D1, D2), corresponding to segments of ulnar short-segment nerve conduction studies ("inching studies").

RESULTS: Ulnar nerve cross-sectional area (CSA) and hypoechoic fraction were significantly increased in patients with UNE immediately distal (D1) and proximal (P1) to the medial epicondyle (p<0.01). In patients with UNE, hypoechoic fraction was similar in asymptomatic and symptomatic limbs. Motor nerve conduction velocity across the elbow correlated with CSAmax and the maximum hypoechoic fraction (R=0.6, p<0.05). CSA and hypoechoic fraction of individual segments did not correlate with corresponding latencies on inching studies, but latencies across the D1 segment correlated with CSA at P1 (R=0.80, p<0.0001) and D2 (R=0.65, p<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Sonographic abnormalities in UNE may not be maximal at the site of electrophysiological nerve dysfunction.

SIGNIFICANCE: Sonographic abnormalities may reflect secondary pathophysiological changes in segments adjacent to regions of nerve compression.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app