JOURNAL ARTICLE

Development of a National Consensus for Tactical Emergency Medical Support (TEMS) Training Programs—Operators and Medical Providers

Richard Schwartz, Brooke Lerner, Craig Llwewllyn, Andre Pennardt, Ian Wedmore, David Callaway, John Wightman, Raymond Casillas, Alex Eastman, Kevin Gerold, Stephen Giebner, Robert Davidson, Richard Kamin, Gina Piazza, Glenn Bollard, Phillip Carmona, Ben Sonstrom, William Seifarth, Barbara Nicely, John Croushorn, Richard Carmona
Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals 2014, 14 (2): 122-38
24952052

INTRODUCTION: Tactical teams are at high risk of sustaining injuries. Caring for these casualties in the field involves unique requirements beyond what is provided by traditional civilian emergency medical services (EMS) systems. Despite this need, the training objectives and competencies are not uniformly agreed to or taught.

METHODS: An expert panel was convened that included members from the Departments of Defense, Homeland Security, Justice, and Health and Human Services, as well as federal, state, and local law-enforcement officers who were recruited through requests to stakeholder agencies and open invitations to individuals involved in Tactical Emergency Medical Services (TEMS) or its oversight. Two face-to-face meetings took place. Using a modified Delphi technique, previously published TEMS competencies were reviewed and updated.

RESULTS: The original 17 competency domains were modified and the most significant changes were the addition of Tactical Emergency Casualty Care (TECC), Tactical Familiarization, Legal Aspects of TEMS, and Mass Casualty Triage to the competency domains. Additionally, enabling and terminal learning objectives were developed for each competency domain.

CONCLUSION: This project has developed a minimum set of medical competencies and learning objectives for both tactical medical providers and operators. This work should serve as a platform for ensuring minimum knowledge among providers, which will serve enhance team interoperability and improve the health and safety of tactical teams and the public.

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