Your institution is subscribed to Read Institutional Edition. Log in or Sign Up to read full text articles.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Descriptive epidemiology of pituitary tumors in the United States, 2004-2009

Haley Gittleman, Quinn T Ostrom, Paul D Farah, Annie Ondracek, Yanwen Chen, Yingli Wolinsky, Carol Kruchko, Justin Singer, Varun R Kshettry, Edward R Laws, Andrew E Sloan, Warren R Selman, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan
Journal of Neurosurgery 2014, 121 (3): 527-35
24926650

OBJECT: Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths that develop in the pituitary gland. The Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS) contains the largest aggregation of population-based data on the incidence of primary CNS tumors in the US. These data were used to determine the incidence of tumors of the pituitary and associated trends between 2004 and 2009.

METHODS: Using incidence data from 49 population-based state cancer registries, 2004-2009, age-adjusted incidence rates per 100,000 population for pituitary tumors with ICD-O-3 (International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition) histology codes 8040, 8140, 8146, 8246, 8260, 8270, 8271, 8272, 8280, 8281, 8290, 8300, 8310, 8323, 9492 (site C75.1 only), and 9582 were calculated overall and by patient sex, race, Hispanic ethnicity, and age at diagnosis. Corresponding annual percent change (APC) scores and 95% confidence intervals were also calculated using Joinpoint to characterize trends in incidence rates over time. Diagnostic confirmation by subregion of the US was also examined. The overall annual incidence rate increased from 2.52 (95% CI 2.46-2.58) in 2004 to 3.13 (95% CI 3.07-3.20) in 2009. Associated time trend yielded an APC of 4.25% (95% CI 2.91%-5.61%). When stratifying by patient sex, the annual incidence rate increased from 2.42 (95% CI 2.33-2.50) to 2.94 (95% CI 2.85-3.03) in men and 2.70 (95% CI 2.62-2.79) to 3.40 (95% CI 3.31-3.49) in women, with APCs of 4.35% (95% CI 3.21%-5.51%) and 4.34% (95% CI 2.23%-6.49%), respectively. When stratifying by race, the annual incidence rate increased from 2.31 (95% CI 2.25-2.37) to 2.81 (95% CI 2.74-2.88) in whites, 3.99 (95% CI 3.77-4.23) to 5.31 (95% CI 5.06-5.56) in blacks, 1.77 (95% CI 1.26-2.42) to 2.52 (95% CI 1.96-3.19) in American Indians or Alaska Natives, and 1.86 (95% CI 1.62-2.13) to 2.03 (95% CI 1.80-2.28) in Asians or Pacific Islanders, with APCs of 3.91% (95% CI 2.88%-4.95%), 5.25% (95% CI 3.19%-7.36%), 5.31% (95% CI -0.11% to 11.03%), and 2.40% (95% CI -3.20% to 8.31%), respectively. When stratifying by Hispanic ethnicity, the annual incidence rate increased from 2.46 (95% CI 2.40-2.52) to 3.03 (95% CI 2.97-3.10) in non-Hispanics and 3.12 (95% CI 2.91-3.34) to 4.01 (95% CI 3.80-4.24) in Hispanics, with APCs of 4.15% (95% CI 2.67%-5.65%) and 5.01% (95% CI 4.42%-5.60%), respectively. When stratifying by age at diagnosis, the incidence of pituitary tumor was highest for those 65-74 years old and lowest for those 15-24 years old, with corresponding overall age-adjusted incidence rates of 6.39 (95% CI 6.24-6.54) and 1.56 (95% CI 1.51-1.61), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: In this large patient cohort, the incidence of pituitary tumors reported between 2004 and 2009 was found to increase. Possible explanations for this increase include changes in documentation, changes in the diagnosis and registration of these tumors, improved diagnostics, improved data collection, increased awareness of pituitary diseases among physicians and the public, longer life expectancies, and/or an actual increase in the incidence of these tumors in the US population.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24926650
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.