JOURNAL ARTICLE

Antibody persistence after primary and booster doses of a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine in adolescents

Roger Baxter, Keith Reisinger, Stanley L Block, Sandra Percell, Tatjana Odrljin, Peter M Dull, Igor Smolenov
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2014, 33 (11): 1169-76
24911896

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate antibody persistence 5 years after primary vaccination with the quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccines MenACWY-CRM or MenACWY-D and 2 years after a booster dose of MenACWY-CRM, in the context of a phase 3 study.

METHODS: Subjects (aged 19.2 ± 2.3 years) were assigned to 5 groups according to whether they had previously received primary vaccination (at 14.2 ± 2.2 years) with MenACWY-CRM (N = 131) or MenACWY-D (N = 76), a booster dose of MenACWY-CRM 3 years after primary vaccination with MenACWY-CRM (N = 44) or MenACWY-D (N = 31) or no vaccination (N = 107). The immunogenicity measures were percentages of subjects with serum bactericidal activity (hSBA) ≥ 1:8 for serogroups A, C, W and Y and hSBA geometric mean titers. Comparisons with age-matched, vaccine-naive subjects were performed.

RESULTS: A majority of subjects vaccinated 5 years previously maintained hSBA ≥ 1:8 against serogroups C, W and Y in the MenACWY-CRM (59%-82%) and MenACWY-D groups (54%-73%); this was lower for serogroup A in both groups. There was a decline in antibody titers after primary vaccination, especially in the first 2 years postprimary vaccination, with steady concentrations during the next 3 years. Two years after MenACWY-CRM booster vaccination the percentages of subjects with hSBA ≥ 1:8 ranged from 77% to 100% across serogroups and geometric mean titers were 2.5- to 8-fold higher than prebooster values across serogroups.

CONCLUSIONS: Booster vaccination with MenACWY-CRM elicited a robust immune response during the 2-year follow-up period, irrespective of previous vaccination.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24911896
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"