JOURNAL ARTICLE

Influence of high-flux hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration on serum C-terminal agrin fragment levels in end-stage renal disease patients

Dominik Steubl, Stefan Hettwer, Pius Dahinden, Petra Wolf, Peter Luppa, Carsten A Wagner, Claudius Küchle, Christoph Schmaderer, Lutz Renders, Uwe Heemann, Marcel Roos
Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 2014, 164 (5): 392-9
24907476
C-terminal agrin fragment (CAF, 22 kDa) has been shown to be a promising new rapid biomarker for kidney function. This study evaluated the influence of hemodialysis (HD) and hemodiafiltration (HDF) treatment on serum CAF concentrations in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A total of 36 patients with ESRD undergoing chronic HD/HDF treatment were enrolled (21 high-flux-HD/Fx60 membrane, 7 high-flux-HD/Elisio19H membrane, and 8 HDF/Elisio19H membrane). On a midweek session, blood samples were obtained before, at halftime, and post-treatment. Dialysate samples were obtained 4 times during treatment. Serum and dialysate CAF, cystatin C, urea, and creatinine concentrations were measured. Reduction ratios (RRs), total solute removal, overall dialytic clearance, and instantaneous dialytic clearance at halftime were calculated and compared. Although HD/Elisio19H and HDF/Elisio19H treatments significantly reduced CAF concentrations (RR 46.6 ± 9.1% and 57.6 ± 11.7%, respectively, P = 0.018 and P = 0.001), HD/Fx60 treatment did not remove CAF from serum (RR 2.4 ± 15.4%, P = 0.25), there was no relevant CAF detection in dialysate. In the HD/Fx60 group, the RR of CAF was significantly lower compared with cystatin C, urea, and creatinine, in which significant removal was detected (37.9 ± 14.8%, 65.0 ± 10.7%, and 56.0 ± 9.8%, respectively, P < 0.001). CAF is a new biomarker for kidney function whose serum concentration is not influenced by conventional high-flux HD using Fx60 membrane. It might therefore represent a promising dialysis-independent biomarker for evaluation of kidney function, for example, in acute kidney failure.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24907476
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"