Salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM) negatively mediates tea herbivore-induced direct and indirect defense against the tea geometrid Ectropis obliqua

Zhaojun Xin, Zhengqun Zhang, Zongmao Chen, Xiaoling Sun
Journal of Plant Research 2014, 127 (4): 565-72
We investigated the effect of the SHAM treatment of tea plants on their induced defense on a tea geometrid (TG), Ectropis obliqua Prout. Treatment of tea leaves with SHAM reduced the performance of TG and TG-elicited level of the lipoxygenase gene CsiLOX1 and the putative allene oxide synthase gene CsiAOS1. The release of wound-induced green leaf volatiles (GLVs) and the expression of the hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) gene CsiHPL1 were also reduced by SHAM treatment. The negative effect of SHAM dramatically reduced the total hebivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) and the attractiveness to the parasitoid wasp Apanteles sp. These results indicated that SHAM may negatively mediate tea defense response against TG by modulating the wound-induced emission of GLVs, the expression of genes involved in oxylipin pathway, and the emission of other HIPV compounds that mediate direct and indirect defenses.

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