Prognostic factors in malignant ovarian germ cell tumours (The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results experience 1978-2010)

O Solheim, D M Gershenson, C G Tropé, E Rokkones, C C Sun, H Weedon-Fekjaer, S D Fosså
European Journal of Cancer 2014, 50 (11): 1942-50

PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic significance of age at diagnosis, extent of the disease (EOD) and socioeconomic (SES) and sociodemographic status (civil status, residency) on cause specific survival (CSS) in patients with malignant ovarian germ cell tumours (MOGCTs). To explore the cumulative incidence of a second cancer in 10-year MOGCT survivors.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: 2541 patients with MOGCT, reported to the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results programme (1978-2010), were identified. The above mentioned prognostic factors were assessed separately for dysgerminoma and non-dysgerminoma, using Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox Hazards Models, providing 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).

RESULTS: Five-year CSS was 97% (95% CI, 96-98%), and 92% (95% CI, 91-93%), respectively for dysgerminoma, and non-dysgerminoma. Age >40 years at diagnosis and presence of metastases were significantly associated with cause specific mortality. Among non-dysgerminoma patients, decreasing SES (hazard ratio (HR), 1.59; 95% CI, 1.11-2.28) and treatment before 1990 (HR, 2.65; 95% CI, 1.83-3.85) increased mortality. In the adjusted analysis, patients from Michigan were almost 2.5 times more likely to die from MOGCT than patients from other states (HR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.17-5.25). Second cancer was diagnosed in 10% of 10-year survivals who underwent radiotherapy and in 2% of survivals in non-radiotherapy group (p=.002).

CONCLUSIONS: Increased attention should be directed towards the management of elderly MOGCT patients and those with non-dysgerminoma histology with low SES. Radiotherapy should be avoided as much as possible. Survival differences related to residency may occur when new cancer treatments are introduced.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.