Anacardic acid induces cell apoptosis associated with induction of ATF4-dependent endoplasmic reticulum stress

Hongbiao Huang, Xianliang Hua, Ningning Liu, Xiaofen Li, Shouting Liu, Xin Chen, Chong Zhao, Xiaoying Lan, Changshan Yang, Q Ping Dou, Jinbao Liu
Toxicology Letters 2014 August 4, 228 (3): 170-8
Anacardic acid (6-pentadecylsalicylic acid, AA), a natural compound isolated from the traditional medicine Amphipterygium adstringens, has been reported to possess antitumor activities. However, its molecular targets have not been thoroughly studied. Here, we report that AA is a potent inducer of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, leading to apoptosis in hepatoma HepG2 and myeloma U266 cells. Induction of ER stress by AA was supported by a dose- and time-dependent increase in expression of the ER signaling downstream molecules, such as GRP78/BiP, phosphorylated eIF2α, ATF4 and CHOP in both HepG2 and U266 cell lines. Blockage of ATF4 expression by siRNA partially inhibited, while knockdown of CHOP expression by siRNA slightly increased AA-induced cell death in these cells. In addition, AA suppressed HepG2 xenograft tumor growth, associated with increased ER stress in vivo. These results suggest that AA induces tumor cell apoptosis associated with ATF4-dependent ER stress.

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