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Clinicopathologic findings in a patient with serpiginous choroiditis and treated choroidal neovascularization.

Retina 1989
We present the ocular clinicopathologic features of the left eye of a patient who, during a 29-year period, developed the characteristic features of progressive serpiginous choroiditis. Two areas of choroidal neovascularization were successfully treated by laser photocoagulation. The larger area of neovascularization, located in and inferior to the maculopapillary bundle area and treated with argon laser, resulted in a scar composed of hyperplastic retinal pigment with persistence of neovascularization and full-thickness destruction of the retina. A smaller area of neovascularization, located temporal to the fovea and treated by krypton laser, resulted in a fibrous scar with obliteration of the new vessels and preservation of the inner retinal layers. A diffuse and focal infiltrate of lymphocytes was present in the choroid. Often, larger aggregates of lymphocytes were present at the margin of the serpiginous lesions. The serpiginous lesions were characterized by loss of retinal pigment epithelium and the photoreceptor cell layer. The margins of most lesions had variable degrees of hyperplastic retinal pigment epithelium and some had defects in Bruch's membrane, through which fibroglial scar tissue extended into the choroid.

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