JOURNAL ARTICLE

Potential brain death organ donors - challenges and prospects: a single center retrospective review

Yousef Al-Maslamani, Ausama S Abdul Muhsin, Omar I Mohammed Ali, Riadh A Fadhil, Abdel Hadi R Abu Jeish
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation 2014, 25 (3): 589-96
24821157
Organ donation after brain death (BD) is a major source for obtaining transplantable organs for patients with end-stage organ disease (ESOD). This retrospective, descriptive study was carried out on all potential BD patients admitted in different intensive care units (ICUs) of the Hamad medical Corporation (HMC), Doha, Qatar during a period from January 2011 to April 2012. Our aim was to evaluate various demographic criteria and challenges of organ donation among potential BD organ donors and plan a strategy to improve the rate of organ donation in Qatar. Various aspects of BD patients in the ICUs and their possible effects on organ donation were studied. The time intervals analyzed to determine the possible causes of delay of organ retrieval were: time of diagnosing fixed dilated pupils in the ICU, to performing the first BD test, then to the second BD test, to family approach, to organ retrieval and/or circulatory death (CD) without organ retrieval. There were a total of 116 potential BD organ donors of whom 96 (82.75%) were males and 20 (17.25%) were females. Brain hemorrhage and head injury contributed to 37 (31.9%) and 32 (27.6%) BD cases, respectively. Time interval between diagnosing fixed dilated pupil and performing the first test of BD was delayed >24 h in 79% of the cases and between the first and second BD tests was >6 h in 70.8% of the cases. This delay is not compatible with the Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) policy for BD diagnosis and resulted in a low number of organs retrieved. BD organ donation, a potential source for organs to save patients with ESOD has several pitfalls and every effort should be made to increase the awareness of the public as well as medical personnel to optimize donation efficacy.

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