Prognostic value of FDG PET imaging in patients with laryngeal cancer

Kazuhiro Kitajima, Yuko Suenaga, Tomonori Kanda, Daisuke Miyawaki, Kenji Yoshida, Yasuo Ejima, Ryohei Sasaki, Hirokazu Komatsu, Miki Saito, Naoki Otsuki, Ken-Ichi Nibu, Naomi Kiyota, Tsutomu Minamikawa, Kazuro Sugimura
PloS One 2014, 9 (5): e96999

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic value of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in patients with laryngeal cancer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 51 patients of whom 30 underwent definitive radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy and 21 underwent radical surgery with or without adjuvant chemoradiation therapy. FDG uptake by both the primary lesion and the neck node was measured using the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). The effects of clinicopathological factors including primary tumor SUVmax and nodal SUVmax on progression-free survival, local control, nodal progression-free survival, and distant metastasis-free survival were evaluated using the log-rank test and Cox method.

RESULTS: The median duration of follow-up was 48.6 months (range 8 to 82.1 months). Univariate analysis showed that nodal SUVmax, N status, and tumor TNM stage were significantly associated with recurrence, whereas primary tumor SUVmax, age, treatment strategy and T status were not. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that only the nodal SUVmax was a significantly unfavorable factor for progression-free survival (p = 0.029, hazard ratio 0.54, 95% CI 0.38-0.87) and nodal progression-free survival (p = 0.023, hazard ratio 0.51, 95% CI 0.34-0.81). ROC curve analysis and log-rank test showed that patients with a high nodal SUVmax (≧ 4) had a significantly lower progression-free survival rate than those with a low SUVmax (<4; p<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: The pretreatment SUVmax of nodal disease in patients with laryngeal cancer is prognostic for recurrence.

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