Cab45S inhibits the ER stress-induced IRE1-JNK pathway and apoptosis via GRP78/BiP

L Chen, S Xu, L Liu, X Wen, Y Xu, J Chen, J Teng
Cell Death & Disease 2014, 5: e1219
Disturbance of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis causes ER stress and leads to activation of the unfolded protein response, which reduces the stress and promotes cell survival at the early stage of stress, or triggers cell death and apoptosis when homeostasis is not restored under prolonged ER stress. Here, we report that Cab45S, a member of the CREC family, inhibits ER stress-induced apoptosis. Depletion of Cab45S increases inositol-requiring kinase 1 (IRE1) activity, thus producing more spliced forms of X-box-binding protein 1 mRNA at the early stage of stress and leads to phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase, which finally induces apoptosis. Furthermore, we find that Cab45S specifically interacts with 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein/immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein (GRP78/BiP) on its nucleotide-binding domain. Cab45S enhances GRP78/BiP protein level and stabilizes the interaction of GRP78/BiP with IRE1 to inhibit ER stress-induced IRE1 activation and apoptosis. Together, Cab45S, a novel regulator of GRP78/BiP, suppresses ER stress-induced IRE1 activation and apoptosis by binding to and elevating GRP78/BiP, and has a role in the inhibition of ER stress-induced apoptosis.

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