Umbilical hernia repair with mesh: identifying effectors of ideal outcomes

Paul D Colavita, Igor Belyansky, Amanda L Walters, Alla Y Zemlyak, Amy E Lincourt, B Todd Heniford, Vedra A Augenstein
American Journal of Surgery 2014, 208 (3): 342-9

BACKGROUND: Quality of life has become an important focus for improvement in hernia repair.

METHODS: The International Hernia Mesh Registry was queried. The Carolinas Comfort Scale quantitated quality of life at 1-month, 6-month, and annual follow-up. Scores of 0 (completely asymptomatic) in all categories without recurrence defined an ideal outcome.

RESULTS: The analysis consisted of 363 umbilical hernia repairs; 18.7% were laparoscopic. Demographics included age of 51.5 ± 13.8 years, 24.5% were female, and the average body mass index was 30.63 ± 5.9 kg/m(2). Mean defect size was 4.3 ± 3.1 cm(2). Mean follow-up was 18.2 months. Absent/minimal preoperative symptoms were predictive of ideal outcome at all time points and increasing age was predictive at 6 months and 1 year. At 6 months, the use of fixation sutures alone versus tacks (odds ratio 14.1) predicted ideal outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: Ideal outcomes are dependent on both patient-specific and operative factors. The durable, ideal outcome in umbilical hernia repair is most likely in an older, asymptomatic patient who undergoes mesh fixation with permanent suture.

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