Nintedanib: a novel therapeutic approach for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Ioannis A Dimitroulis
Respiratory Care 2014, 59 (9): 1450-5
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, fibrotic lung disease with no clear etiology and few therapeutic options. Growth factors that act as mediators in the development of this disease might be important therapeutic targets. Nintedanib is a triple-tyrosine kinase inhibitor and a potent antagonist of growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, and basic fibroblast growth factor, and it is currently evaluated in clinical trials as a potential IPF therapy. Treatment with nintedanib may slow decline in lung function, decrease the frequency of exacerbations, and improve quality of life in subjects with IPF. This observation, together with extensive safety and pharmacokinetic data from studies of nintedanib in malignancy, led the way for the clinical development of this drug in IPF. Observations from clinical trials, together with the preclinical data, suggest that nintedanib may become an important therapeutic option for individuals with IPF. High-dose nintedanib improved the quality of life, slowed the progression of lung fibrosis and the decline of lung function, and reduced the rate of exacerbations in individuals with mild and moderate IPF. This is a short review based on the available data (September 2013) on nintedanib.

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