JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sclerostin monoclonal antibody enhanced bone fracture healing in an open osteotomy model in rats

Pui Kit Suen, Yi-Xin He, Dick Ho Kiu Chow, Le Huang, Chaoyang Li, Hua Zhu Ke, Michael S Ominsky, Ling Qin
Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 2014, 32 (8): 997-1005
24782158
Sclerostin is a negative regulator of bone formation. Sclerostin monoclonal antibody (Scl-Ab) treatment promoted bone healing in various animal models. To further evaluate the healing efficiency of Scl-Ab in osteotomy healing, we investigated the time course effects of systemic administration of Scl-Ab on fracture repair in rat femoral osteotomy model. A total of 120 six-month-old male SD rats were subjected to transverse osteotomy at the right femur mid-shaft. Rats were treated with vehicle or Scl-Ab treatment for 3, 6, or 9 weeks. Fracture healing was evaluated by radiography, micro-CT, micro-CT based angiography, 4-point bending mechanical test and histological assessment. Scl-Ab treatment resulted in significantly higher total mineralized callus volume fraction, BMD and enhanced neovascularization. Histologically, Scl-Ab treatment resulted in a significant reduction in fracture callus cartilage at week 6 and increase in bone volume at week 9, associated with a greater proportion of newly formed bone area at week 6 and 9 by fluorescence microscopy. Mechanical testing showed significantly higher ultimate load in Scl-Ab treatment group at week 6 and 9. This study has demonstrated that Scl-Ab treatment enhanced bone healing in a rat femoral osteotomy model, as reflected in increased bone formation, bone mass and bone strength.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24782158
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"