The thickness of alveolar bone at the mandibular canine and premolar teeth in normal occlusion

Jun-Beom Park, Ji-Eun Lee, Kanghyuk Kim, Jin-Taik Yoo, Yoonji Kim, Yoon-Ah Kook, Youngkyung Ko
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 2014, 25 (3): 1115-9

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the alveolar bone thickness on the buccal and lingual aspects of mandibular canines and premolars using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The differences between the left side and the right side and that in male and female measurements were reviewed.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional CBCT of 20 subjects with normal occlusion (9 males and 11 females; mean [SD] age, 21.9 [3.0] y) were used. The thickness of the buccal and lingual bone walls, perpendicular to the long axis of the root, was evaluated at 3 and 5 mm apical to the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and at the root apex.

RESULTS: The mean buccal bone thickness measured at 3 and 5 mm apical to the CEJ was less than 2 mm on the canines and the premolars. The buccal bone thickness of the second premolar at 3 and 5 mm from the CEJ was significantly greater than that of the canine and the first premolar. There were no significant differences between the left and right sides, and the overall measurements of the alveolar bone thickness did not show significant male/female differences.

CONCLUSIONS: This study presented the thickness of the buccal and lingual bone in different locations apical to the CEJ in subjects with normal occlusion and the frequency distribution of thick buccal bone wall (≥ 2 mm). The second premolar had the highest frequency distribution of thick buccal bone (≥ 2 mm) when compared with canine and the first premolar. The teeth with thin buccal bone (< 2 mm) should be treated with care for the implant because a thin buccal bone may be damaged more easily and buccal bone resorption may occur. This study may provide estimated value for patients with normal occlusion during tooth extraction and implant installation in the canine and premolar area of the mandible. Preoperative radiographic analysis, with care in using CBCT, may be applied for tooth extraction and implant therapy.

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