JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

High osteoprotegerin levels predict MACCE in STEMI patients, but are not associated with myocardial salvage

Mette Bjerre, Kim Munk, Astrid Drivsholm Sloth, Søren Steen Nielsen, Allan Flyvbjerg, Hans Erik Bøtker
Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ 2014, 48 (4): 209-15
24758546

OBJECTIVES: High circulating levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG) carry prognostic impact in cohorts with various cardiovascular diagnoses. With the present study, we aim to investigate the role of OPG within the scale of myocardial damage.

DESIGN: This study includes 219 consecutive patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction randomized to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) or pPCI and remote ischemic per-conditioning. Salvage index via myocardial single-photon emission CT assessment (data available in 61% of the patients) was performed, and derived from Day 1 (myocardial area at risk) and Day 30 (final infarct size). Plasma OPG levels were measured using an in-house immunoassay. A combined end-point of all-mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, readmission for heart failure and ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (Major Adverse Cardiac and Cerebrovascular Events [MACCE]) was used for follow-up; 45 (38-48 months).

RESULTS: High OPG levels were associated with the severity of cardiovascular disease. During follow-up, OPG was a predictor of MACCE (unadjusted, HR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.14-3.85, P = 0.017). Adjustments for age, gender, and body mass index preserved the independent predictive power of OPG. However, OPG levels were neither associated with salvage index nor with the final infarct size. Remote ischemic per-conditioning had no effect on OPG levels.

CONCLUSION: Despite absent association between OPG levels and the scale of myocardial damage, high OPG levels predict a significantly increased risk of MACCE.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24758546
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"