Mysterious Linkages Between Hepatitis C Virus Genotypes, Interleukin-28B Genotypes and Viral Clearance- A Meta-Analysis

Seyed Hossein Aalaei-Andabili, Bita Behnava, Shima Salimi, Heidar Sharafi, Seyed Moayed Alavian
Hepatitis Monthly 2014, 14 (3): e15895

BACKGROUND: Recent genome wide association studies (GWAS) have shown important roles of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) near region of interleukin B 28 (IL28B) gene in spontaneous and drug-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in genotype 1 HCV infection.

OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis was designed to determine the world-wide distribution patterns of IL28B genotypes and alleles, and to find possible linkages between IL28B and HCV genotypes.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Manual and electronic databases were searched. Critical appraisal was performed. According to the results of heterogeneity tests, we used fix/random model for the analysis. The data concerning patients' ethnicity and HCV genotypes were analyzed by using statistical analysis software.

RESULTS: A total of 255 articles were found. After article review and quality assessment, 50 studies, including 18662 patients and 1313 healthy subjects, were analyzed. Presence of HCV genotype 3 versus genotype 1 was significantly associated with a higher frequency of CC genotype and C allele, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.68 (95% CI: 1.44-1.99) and 1.49 (95% CI: 1.33-1.67), respectively. Prevalence of the rs12979860 CC genotype among genotype 1 HCV infected patients of Asian ethnicity was 69.48% (95% CI: 65.20-73.77), which was significantly higher than its prevalence [33.27% (95% CI: 28.88-37.67)] in the Caucasian genotype 1 HCV infected patients. Prevalence of rs12979860 TT genotype in the African-American genotype 1 HCV infected patients was the highest [36.20% (95% CI: 32.91-39.49)], and significantly different compared to all other ethnicities.

CONCLUSIONS: There were significant linkages between HCV genotypes and IL28B genotypes/alleles. Patients with a favorable IL28B and genotypes 1 and 4 HCV infection stand a better chance to clear HCV in the acute phase.

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