GSK-3β and vitamin D receptor are involved in β-catenin and snail signaling in high glucose-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition of mouse podocytes

Jia Guo, Nannan Xia, Lili Yang, Sijie Zhou, Qian Zhang, Yingjin Qiao, Zhangsuo Liu
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 2014, 33 (4): 1087-96

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is recognized to play an important role in diabetic nephropathy (DN).

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the roles of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β), β-catenin and Snail signaling in high glucose (HG)-induced mouse podocytes EMT.

METHODS: Differentiated podocytes were divided into: the normal glucose group (NG: glucose 5.6mM), the HG groups (12.5HG: 12.5mM; 25HG: 25mM; and 50HG: 50mM of glucose), and the osmotic control group (NG+M: glucose 5.6mM and mannitol 44.4mM). GSK-3β, β-catenin and Snail were assessed using semi-quantitative RT-PCR, western blot and immunofluorescence. β-catenin and Snail pathways were assessed after down-regulating GSK-3β expression using an inhibitor (LiCl) or a small-interfering RNA (siRNA).

RESULTS: HG increased GSK-3β, β-catenin and Snail expressions, and promoted EMT, as shown by decreased nephrin expression (epithelial marker), and increased α-SMA expression (mesenchymal marker). GSK-3β inhibitor and GSK-3β siRNA decreased β-catenin and Snail expressions, and reversed HG-induced EMT. Immunofluorescence showed that GSK-3β and β-catenin did not completely overlap; β-catenin was transferred to the nucleus in the 25HG group. VDR seems to be involved in HG-induced β-catenin nuclear translocation.

CONCLUSION: Down-regulating GSK-3β expression decreased β-catenin and Snail expression and reversed HG-induced podocytes EMT. Thus, modulating GSK-3β might be a target to slow or prevent DN. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"