MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Venous thromboembolism in critically ill children

Lee A Polikoff, E Vincent S Faustino
Current Opinion in Pediatrics 2014, 26 (3): 286-91
24732566

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the current literature on venous thromboembolism (VTE) in critically ill children.

RECENT FINDINGS: There is an increasing concern for VTE and its complications in critically ill children. Critically ill children are at increased risk of thromboembolism because of the treatment that they are receiving and their underlying condition. A complex relationship exists between thrombosis and infection. A thrombus is a nidus for infection, while infection increases the risk of thrombosis. Pediatric-specific guidelines for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolism are lacking. Current guidelines are based on the data from adults. Novel anticoagulants are now available for use in adults. Studies are ongoing to determine their safety in children. Risk assessment tools have recently been developed to determine the risk of thromboembolism in critically ill children. Certain molecules are associated with thromboembolism in adults.

SUMMARY: Pediatric critical care practitioners should be cognizant of the importance of VTE in critically ill children to allow early identification and treatment. Adequately powered clinical trials are critically needed to generate evidence that will guide the treatment and prevention of thromboembolism in critically ill children. Risk assessment tools that incorporate biomarkers may improve our ability to predict the occurrence of thromboembolism in critically ill children.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24732566
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"